On January 28 a march that is spectacular invest Kyiv: teenage boys using camouflage uniforms and balaclavas stepped through the main roads. Once the march ended about 600 people in the NGO “The Natsionalni Druzhyny” (National Militia devices) launched by the veterans for the Azov regiment had been sworn in. Many discovered this scene just like marches of paramilitary units. It arrived as being a fantasy photo for the Russian propaganda and for people western news that think about you can find risks of this nationalistic retaliation in Ukraine. In addition raised a true range concerns.
Exactly just just How may be the Natsionalni Druzhyny from the Azov battalion?
The Natsionalni Druzhyny is just a task of this alleged circle that is azov-related into the Azov regiment for the National Guard. Azov regiment ended up being founded on the basis of the volunteer battalion Azov that were part that is taking the combat actions in eastern Ukraine since 2014. In 2017, the regiment’s veterans established the party that is political Corps” (Natsionalnyi Korpus) chaired by MP Andriy Biletskyi. Previously they founded a few non-government businesses including “Civic Corps” (Tsyvilnyi Korpus) and “Defense and Reconstruction associated with Country” (Zakhyst i rekonstruktsia krayiny, abbreviated ZiRKa). Official founders of this NGO “The Natsionalni Druzhyny” registered in Kyiv are three veterans of this Azov regiment: Ihor Kashka, Artem Klimkin, and Maksym Klymka. Another Azov veteran Ihor Bober is detailed since the organization’s head, the regiment’s veteran commander Ihor Mykhailenko could be the commander.
Far-right? Nationalists? Fascists?
For four years in a line “National Corps” users, in addition to Azov regiment combatants, have already been labeled supporters for the neo-Nazi ideology, additionally numerous point at them for utilising the runic symbols like the symbols utilized by the Nazi. The Azov regiment was founded by members of the far-right organization “Patriot of Ukraine” (Patriot Ukrainy) and football ultras, who often do not hide their far-right views in the first place. Based on Ihor Mykhailenko, chief associated with the Natsionalni Druzhyny, numerous users of the militia devices are supporters associated with “modern nationalism” ideology that has reached the cornerstone associated with “National Corps” celebration.
De jure: an NGO or perhaps a device set to keep up order that is public?
The units operate under the NGO status while serbian dating in other cities, for example, in Lutsk or Cherkasy – as a civic unit set to maintain public order as explained by Ihor Bober, head of The Natsionalni Druzhyny, in Kyiv. “We are trying to have the papers for Kyiv re-registered, ” he explained.
Will they be patrolling the roads of this money?
Mind associated with the division for discussion utilizing the police force and municipal protection associated with the Kyiv City State management Oleh Kuyavskyi stated that the town authorities hadn’t gotten any respective papers through the Natsionalni Druzhyny. Mind of this Kyiv patrol authorities division Yuriy Zozulia said that Kyiv policemen aren’t jointly patrolling the roads with any group that is civic. “My place is: if you wish to protect the general public purchase – go provide because of the police, ” the authorities chief stated. “We came across with them to understand they are interested rather in spreading the data about by themselves compared to patrolling the roads as well as policemen, ” Zozulia stated.
The way the Natsionalni Druzhyny is financed?
This real question is of concern to a lot of whom watch the tale unfolding, plus the issues aren’t groundless. Hromadske broadcast counted that to be able to procure the coats for starters thousand people across Ukraine one could require over UAH 1,7 million (approx. EUR 50 thousand). Costs get a great deal larger in the event that price of fleece caps can also be counted. People in The Natsionalni Druzhyny reassure that the business exists due to the account contributions. Giving an answer to the reporters’ concerns Ihor Mykhailenko stated: “There is no fixed amount for a donation. Everybody else brings up to they desire. ” However, previous Roman Chernyshov, representative associated with the party that is political Corps” that really arranged the ceremony where 600 militia product users had been sworn in on January 28, told Hromadske broadcast in a comment that The Natsionalni Druzhyny is financed by Ukrainian organizations without naming specific organizations or business owners. At the time that is same leaders regarding the Natsionalni Druzhyny state it is really not real. “I guess its not likely that he might have stated that The Natsionalni Druzhyny will be financed by representatives of this company. It is really not real, ” the commander associated with the Natsionalni Druzhyny stated.
Would be the Natsionalni Druzhyny “the army” of this Interior Minister Arsen Avakov?
There is certainly a extensive viewpoint that The Natsionalni Druzhyny could be a “private army” associated with Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov. As well, both Avakov and also the devices’ representatives disprove it publicly. “There is only 1 monopoly on enforcing regulations – it is the National Guard, the National Police and also the Ukrainian Armed Forces. All other paramilitary teams attempting to establish on their own within the roads aren’t appropriate, ” Avakov stated. “As the minister, i am going to not allow any structures that are parallel establish by themselves into the roads as alternate armed forces teams, ” the Minister included. “Neither Avakov, nor Poroshenko or just about any other agency has any authority that is moral us. These are the authorities that missed down their opportunity, ” said Ihor Mykhailenko, mind for the Natsionalni Druzhyny.
Does the setup of this Natsionalni Druzhyny violate what the law states?
The Law “On participation of citizens in securing order that is public their state edge” repeatedly quoted because of the leaders for the Natsionalni Druzhyny foresees the chance to interact representatives of civic teams in patrolling for the roads but solely jointly because of the nationwide authorities staff. Representatives of this Natsionalni Druzhyny really interpret the conditions regarding the legislation quite easily. Therefore, in the press-conference of January 31 in Kyiv Ihor Mykhailenko didn’t reject the fact you will find minors on the list of organization’s users. “These are 17-year guys that are old already graduated from college. We don’t see anything wrong along with it, ” he stated. What the law states presently stipulates that only people of age is people of such civic teams. What the law states also forbids making use of cool weapons or firearms by the civic group people. Nevertheless, the applying form towards the Natsionalni Druzhyny asks in the event that applicant is with in control of subscribed tools.
A fruitful PR move for the political celebration?
Ministry of Interior representative Artem Shevchenko claims that the appearance of The Natsionalni Druzhyny is really a “quite successful PR move ahead their part, a staged trick and nothing but that. ”
He included that he’s uncertain perhaps the Natsionalni Druzhyny is registered as an organization that will protect general public order in conformity using the legislation. “It may be the journalists’ task to discover if they’re whatever they pretend to be or they have been simply bluffing by shooting gorgeous videos and so making by themselves being mentioned in the primary TV stations without really spending money on the marketing. Any NGO that is legitimately registered and it is registered with all the local workplaces of this Ministry of Justice as being a civic team for the safeguarding of this public purchase or their state edge, can in fact be doing it. ”